Factors related to the mother are termed il risky newborns lar to babies who may experience growth retardation due to problems experienced during pregnancy or delivery. The sooner the treatment is started, the better the response. Inform the family and ensure their participation in the treatment
Children’s Neurologist Dr. I wrote with Nur Aydınlı and Child Development Specialist Emine Eraslan about the developments of babies in the first year. Nur Hoca, “also” What is a risky baby … Let’s tell him, a lot of people do not know very well, “he said. He was right, it is indeed known, but his measures and what to look out for were unclear. Professor Prof.Dr. Dr. I am passing on the interesting information given by Nur Aydınlı:
Which babies are called id risky newborns Hangi?
Some hereditary, environmental factors encountered in pregnancy, delivery or neonatal period may adversely affect the development of the baby. Newborns with a history of negative environmental or biological factors and neurological deficiencies may be seen as risky newborns.
What are the neurological risk factors for babies?
– Maternal factors: Maternal age less than 16 or greater than 40, mother’s alcohol, smoking, medication use, problems in previous pregnancies, stress … Structural disorders of mother’s womb, cervical insufficiencies, maternal inherited diseases, sugar disease, high blood pressure or sudden falls, infections, blood group incompatibility.
– Problems related to pregnancy: Hemorrhages, low threat, multiple pregnancy, more or less of the fluid in the baby, inadequate pregnancy follow-up, frequent births.
– Birth and after: Cord entanglement, the baby’s poop in the liquid and go to her lungs, breech or forceps, difficult births requiring caesarean section, the baby is purple at birth, respiratory distress and heart beats slow. The baby is born earlier than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks, having a low or high weight according to the age of birth, having a timely birth of less than 2500 grams or more than 4000 grams, hereditary problems.
The appearance of regular pregnancy
What are some of the situations that can be prevented partially or fully, which negatively affects the neurological development of the baby?
Premature birth, before or after birth, lack of oxygen affecting the baby, increased jaundice and not timely treatment, intracranial hemorrhage due to lack of vitamin K postpartum, infections, and thyroid diseases, such as phenylketonuria, which may affect the development of screening tests that do not affect the baby’s neurological may adversely affect development.
Many babies can avoid being risky with regular pregnancy monitoring, application of mother’s doctor’s warnings, good birth and conscious care.
What are the problems to be considered in the follow-up of risky newborns?
Preterm babies are evaluated according to their corrected age, that is, taking into consideration the time elapsed since the onset of pregnancy. For example, it is normal for a two-month-old baby to develop in accordance with the developmental stages of a one-month-old when he / she is three months old. It should be known that premature retinopathy in premature infants may have eye problems that may lead to blindness, should be monitored, and treated timely. All babies born prematurely, who are at risk and having risk factors should be evaluated and followed up neurologically. If necessary, treatment should be started. In addition, all infants should be evaluated in the first months of hearing and congenital hip dislocation.
How is neurological development evaluated?
Normal baby’s social, language, fine and rough motor development stages and the neurological examination is required to know well. Brain electrodes (EEG), brain and / or spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging are used.
When to start treatment for a risky baby?
In the neonatal period or when the problem is noticed, appropriate physiotherapy and / or training is started for the baby. It is necessary to inform the family and ensure their participation in the treatment. The earlier the treatment is started and the better it is done, the better the response can be obtained. Because the brains of babies and children of the first two years are very high. In addition, if the problems that may develop like a wire transfer are detected in advance, it may be possible to take precautions to prevent further damage to the baby’s brain. If hearing problems are detected in the first months and the treatment is started, the baby’s mental and speech development may be normal. Premature infants should not be spastic, premature physiotherapy should be initiated and proper follow-up is important in order to prevent the development of limitations in hip dislocations and joints.
Risky infants enter the normal group of children over time
Are these babies always at risk?
Risky infants are in the group of healthy normal children or patients with certain diagnoses over time. This may help the risk factors and treatment of the baby.