Matchstick Art and Craft Ideas

3 min


Matchstick Art and Craft Ideas

 

 

History and Chemistry of Match
This article was written on the most frequently asked match questions, and moreover, blends were made from various sites. So I don’t expect original information. But I have to admit that I like to learn them as a continuous match and I like it too :))

Let us come to our main subject .. The importance of the history of fire in human history is obvious; We know very well how blessed fire was obtained in the early days.17. century, the invention of this burden on the shoulders of the man removed from the shoulder can be described as a great service … The popular lighter then relentlessly destroyed manners …

After the discovery of phosphorus in 1966, the well-known Irish chemist Robert Boyle (1627-1691) (see the Boyle-Mariotte law) discovered that a fire struck when he rubbed a sulfur-covered piece of wood onto a sheet of phosphor-coated paper. But in his time the notion of the match had not yet emerged. Then, in 1827, a British chemist named John Walker discovered that after the coating of a wooden stick with various chemicals and drying, the bar appeared to rub against any surface. The chemicals used by Walker were antimony sulfur, potassium chlorate, gum and starch. In addition to Turkish friction matches (friction matches) was a kind of match. In the meanwhile, the matches were divided into friction matches and safety matches; the friction matches are burned on any surface, and the safety matches are only rubbed on certain surfaces (eg the side of the matchbox). This is of course the content of the chemicals at the end of the matchstick …

If we continue our subject, Uncle Walker invented the first match, although he invented the first match, there were also jackals and Samuel Jones, who saw Walker’s invention, decided to market it. Then, in 1830, the French chemist Charles Sauria made an odorless match using white phosphorus, but this match caused a lot of discomfort due to the toxicity of the white phosphorus and it did not hold much. Edvard Lundstrom has patented the first security match. What he did was to put red phosphorus on the outer surface of a box and put the rest of the chemicals into the tip of the matchstick. Thus, both the white phosphorus’s toxic effect, and the friction matches, such as the flames of flammable problems such as fading has disappeared.

In 1889, Joshua Pusey invented and patented the first box of matches, but in 1896, he patented his Diamond Match Company for $ 4,000 and sold it for a job! In 1911, the company removed the patent at the request of the American president. In the meantime, the use of white phosphorus in matches is banned in Denmark in 1875, in Sweden in 1879 and in the United States in 1911. As an additional information, in the period between 1867-1925, the world’s largest matchmaking Sweden, America and Japan … After learning this information, I bought from the grocery store now, on the match matches Swedish match is not surprised :))

We have extended a little bit, but come to the chemistry of the match … In fact, detailed information can be found here, but a little explanation is useful. First of all the chemicals in the matchstick, the matchstick, the garbage and those on the side of the matchbox of the benefits of the separation of potassium chlorate, While sulfur, resin, glass powder or clay powder and a viscous adhesive material were present, there were red phosphorus and antimony sulfur in the side of the box. In the body of the matchstick, there was ammonium dihydrogenphosphate to control the fire and paraffin to provide combustion. Finally, the matchsticks were made of Aspen trees, known as aspen, in Turkish, and the characteristic of this tree is that it grows faster than many other trees and household or pulp. It’s not suitable for construction …



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